English Grammar verb Tense Chart with Rules and Examples

English Grammar verb Tense Chart with Rules and Examples

Verb Tense Chart helps great to NON-English peoples. There are 3 types of Tense in English Grammar. Present Tense, Past Tense & Future Tense. Present Tense indicating the Current Time. Past Tense is related to the past Time & Future tense is used for future events. Each of the above 3 tense is divided into 4 phases. In-case of present tense these phases are Simple Present, Present Continuous, Present Perfect & Present Perfect Continuous.

Look at the 12 verb Tense Chart below. Here I used “GO” as the verb.

Verb Tense Chart with Examples

PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE FUTURE TENSE
Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future
I go
You go
They go
He goes
I went
You went
They went
He went
I will go
You will go
They will go
He will go
Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous
I am going
You are going
They are going
He is going
I was going
You were going
They were going
He was going
I will be going
You will be going
They will be going
He will be going
Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
I have gone
You have gone
They have gone
He has gone
I had gone
You had gone
They had gone
He had gone
I will have gone
You will have gone
They will have gone
He will have gone
Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous
I have been going
You have been going
They have been going
He has been going
I had been going
You had been going
They had been going
He had been going
I will have been gone
You will have been gone
They will have been gone
He will have been gone

Additional Rules for Tense Table

Rule 1

When two actions occurred in the past and both are inter-related, then the earlier action is expressed in past perfect tense while the later action in simple past tense.

Example:

  • The train had left the station before I arrived there.
  • Ram had arrived before I left the place.

Rule 2

When an action occurred while another action was going on, then the middle action is expressed in simple past while the continuous action is in past progressive tense.

Example:

  • It started to rain while we were walking home.
  • John arrived when I was reading a novel.
  • The bell rang when Smith was bathing.

Rule 3

When two actions occur simultaneously side by side, then both are expressed in progressive form either in present or in past tense.

Example:

  • When Smith was singing, Rita was dancing.
  • My friends are playing while we are talking.

Rule 4

In modern English Grammar present tense is generally used for Future Time Reference. If the future time reference is a personal arrangement or personal planning, then present progressive tense is used for it.

Example:

  • I am going to Puri next Monday.
  • We are going on an excursion next week.

But if the future time reference is an official arrangement or pre-sheduled programme, then present simple is used for it.

Example:

  • The President of India visits the U.S.A. next month.
  • The Chief Minister visits the flood-affected area next week.

Rule 5

Sometimes ‘be going to’ is also used for future time reference. It is used to make a prediction about something that is likely to happen in the near future. The prediction is made on the basis of some indication which is available at the time of speaking.

Example:

  • The old man has not taken anything for a week. He is going to die.
  • Look at those dark clouds. It is going to rain.
  • Be careful of that dog. It is going to bite.

Rule 6

This “be going to” is also used to express an intention to do something in future.

Example:

  • I am going to plant 100 trees inside the school campus.
  • I am going to read all these books for my project.

Verb is of two types

Stative Verbs

The verbs that refer to some state (condition, quality, etc. of a person or thing) which usually remains “steady” and does not change are known as stative verbs. Such verbs are mostly used in the Present Simple. The verbs such as – like, love, hate, prefer, realise, know, mean, understand, suppose, belong, contain, consist, depend, remember, seem, believe etc. are the examples of stative verbs.

Dynamic verbs

The verbs refer to some action rather than to a steady state are called dynamic or action oriented verbs. They usually take the progressive form.