English Grammar verb Tense Chart with Rules and Examples

English Grammar verb Tense Chart with Rules and Examples

Verb Tense Chart helps great to NON-English peoples. There are 3 types of Tense in English Grammar. Present Tense, Past Tense & Future Tense. Present Tense indicating the Current Time. Past Tense is related to the past Time & Future tense is used for future events. Each of the above 3 tense is divided into 4 phases. In-case of present tense these phases are Simple Present, Present Continuous, Present Perfect & Present Perfect Continuous.

Look at the 12 verb Tense Chart below. Here I used “GO” as the verb.

Verb Tense Chart with Examples

Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future
I go
You go
They go
He goes
I went
You went
They went
He went
I will go
You will go
They will go
He will go
Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous
I am going
You are going
They are going
He is going
I was going
You were going
They were going
He was going
I will be going
You will be going
They will be going
He will be going
Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
I have gone
You have gone
They have gone
He has gone
I had gone
You had gone
They had gone
He had gone
I will have gone
You will have gone
They will have gone
He will have gone
Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous
I have been going
You have been going
They have been going
He has been going
I had been going
You had been going
They had been going
He had been going
I will have been gone
You will have been gone
They will have been gone
He will have been gone

Additional Rules for Tense Table

Rule 1

When two actions occurred in the past and both are inter-related, then the earlier action is expressed in past perfect tense while the later action in simple past tense.


  • The train had left the station before I arrived there.
  • Ram had arrived before I left the place.

Rule 2

When an action occurred while another action was going on, then the middle action is expressed in simple past while the continuous action is in past progressive tense.


  • It started to rain while we were walking home.
  • John arrived when I was reading a novel.
  • The bell rang when Smith was bathing.

Rule 3

When two actions occur simultaneously side by side, then both are expressed in progressive form either in present or in past tense.


  • When Smith was singing, Rita was dancing.
  • My friends are playing while we are talking.

Rule 4

In modern English Grammar present tense is generally used for Future Time Reference. If the future time reference is a personal arrangement or personal planning, then present progressive tense is used for it.


  • I am going to Puri next Monday.
  • We are going on an excursion next week.

But if the future time reference is an official arrangement or pre-sheduled programme, then present simple is used for it.


  • The President of India visits the U.S.A. next month.
  • The Chief Minister visits the flood-affected area next week.

Rule 5

Sometimes ‘be going to’ is also used for future time reference. It is used to make a prediction about something that is likely to happen in the near future. The prediction is made on the basis of some indication which is available at the time of speaking.


  • The old man has not taken anything for a week. He is going to die.
  • Look at those dark clouds. It is going to rain.
  • Be careful of that dog. It is going to bite.

Rule 6

This “be going to” is also used to express an intention to do something in future.


  • I am going to plant 100 trees inside the school campus.
  • I am going to read all these books for my project.

Verb is of two types

Stative Verbs

The verbs that refer to some state (condition, quality, etc. of a person or thing) which usually remains “steady” and does not change are known as stative verbs. Such verbs are mostly used in the Present Simple. The verbs such as – like, love, hate, prefer, realise, know, mean, understand, suppose, belong, contain, consist, depend, remember, seem, believe etc. are the examples of stative verbs.

Dynamic verbs

The verbs refer to some action rather than to a steady state are called dynamic or action oriented verbs. They usually take the progressive form.