Some people haven’t recognized Jaundice fever. Someone with this disease seems to have a yellow appearance, especially on their skin. His eyes also become whitey. For your information, some newborn babies are prone to this illness, but it may affect all of you regardless the ages. What is jaundice actually? It’s a disease that causes a yellowish appearance on humans’ skin. The white color of the eyes occurs due to the hyperbilirubinemia. The original term comes from the word jaune. It means yellow in French. Even though most people call it as a disease, it’s isn’t an illness per se. It’s only the basic discoloration of the skin. It also causes fever and other flu-like conditions on the patients.
Causes of Jaundice
Jaundice occurs primarily due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the body tissue and blood. This build-up is caused by some problems including hepatitis, cirrhosis, gallstones, and other liver diseases. If you have the symptoms of jaundice, your doctors will look for treatments for the source of this disease rather than the discoloration of your skin. Thus, you should look for proper medical advice whenever you have the signs of this disease. They will determine what kind of treatment you need. Overall, it will occur when your bilirubin isn’t processed well in your body. Damage and infections often disrupt such process and it results in jaundice.
The most noticeable jaundice symptoms is the yellow color to the skin. Some people also get whitey eyes and yellowing of nose membranes. The patients will feel like fever, stomach pain, and even chills. There are some cases that people might lose weight gradually due to this disease. People often show different symptoms based on their condition. Overall, you can find out the symptoms below:
- Excessive fatigue
- Discoloration to the skin
- Dark feces and urine
- Pale face
- Unexplained weight loss
- Stomach pain due to bile duct blockage
Types of Jaundice
There are 3 different types of jaundice fever. They are hepatocellular, hemolytic, and obstructive jaundice. The first one is the most common among people. It may occur due to liver damage or injury. Hemolytic jaundice occurs when people suffer from hemolysis. The red blood cells breakdown increases the bilirubin production and it leads to that disease. The other one is obstructive jaundice. It occurs due to the bile duct blockage. By this condition, the liver won’t be able to expel bilirubin from the body in a regular manner. Patients should visit a doctor to determine what kind of treatment they should take depending on the types.
How to Diagnose Jaundice Fever
People often mistake jaundice as a regular fever disease. Yet, the discoloration of the skin becomes the major clue for a doctor. With this, he will confirm the diagnosis. A patient should talk to a doctor about some symptoms including illegal drugs consumption or abroad travel. There will be a physical examination to find out any signs of liver damage. The doctor usually examines the patient’s feet to diagnose whether there’s an indication of cirrhosis or not. A urine test is also imperative to diagnose jaundice fever. Finding out the level of urobilinogen can determine what type of jaundice a patient has.
Some people also undergo blood tests to check for other complications like hepatitis and malaria. A doctor will conduct a blood test on the patient to look for the indication of liver diseases like cirrhosis and hepatitis. Sometimes, a liver biopsy is needed. It’s the small tissue removal sample of the liver. It will be important to find out other troubles in live like liver cancer. In some cases, doctors also need to perform a body scan for further problems with the patient’s liver. They may use some methods including CT scans, MRI, X-ray and many others.
Are There Any Complications?
Jaundice fever also may cause other problems. Sometimes, patients will get an intense itchiness that make them scratching all over their skin. It may lead into insomnia too. In severe cases, people tend to end their life by suicide as they can’t handle the complications. Complications may occur mainly due to the underlying causes of this disease. For instance, jaundice caused by the blockage of bile duct may lead to excessive bleeding. The complications will become worse without the doctor’s assistance.
Treatment of Jaundice
Basically, doctors will give a particular treatment for each type of jaundice fever. It means patients will get different treatment depending on what type of jaundice that they have. It also depends on different factors including the causes and how bad it is. Jaundice fever often includes some conditions like itching and even malaria. Some people also suffer anemia so they need a special treatment like a blood transfusion to restock their red blood cells. In the bile duct blockage, patients should undergo an operation to unblock it. Further measurements are compulsory to determine whether they need other treatments or not.
In severe cases, patients will get a damaged liver. They need a transplant as the proper treatment. Remember, there are many causes of jaundice fever so it will be difficult for doctors to provide specific treatments and prevention for the patients. As a precaution, doctors usually give some tips for people including staying away from alcohol, avoiding infection that may lead to hepatitis and maintaining healthy cholesterol and weight. These will help people to prevent jaundice fever. Overall, this disease is closely related to the liver function. It’s so important that people take care of their liver health by balancing their diet and exercises.