Orthopedic Surgeons are devoted to the avoidance, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the joints, bones, ligaments, joints, tendons and muscles.
Orthopaedic surgeons should have a detailed knowledge of existing medical technologies, medical ethics, pharmacology and physiology. An exacting fitness for musculoskeletal health, disease prevention and treatment is necessary.
Orthopaedic surgeons full fill more than a decade of training, plus a residency in orthopaedic surgery at a hospital. They must clear the complicated USMLE exam to obtain their medical license and then get a review to obtain board certification as an orthopaedic surgeon.
Few orthopedists are generalists, while various specialise in certain areas of the body, such as:
- Hip and knee
- Foot and ankle
- Shoulder and elbow
Does an orthopedic Surgeon Treat?
- Sports injuries
- Back pain, Disc rupture and Spinal Stenosis
- Bone tumours
- Carpal tunnel, arthritis of the hand and hand injuries
- Clubfoot, arched legs and hip Dysplasia
- Orthopaedic trauma
- Limb lengthening
- Achilles tendon injuries, bunions and foot and ankle injuries
Orthopaedic surgeons take care of problems of the musculoskeletal system. It includes:
- Diagnosis of any personal injury or disorder.
- Treatment with medication, exercise, casting, surgery or few options.
- Rehabilitation recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function.
- Prevention with information and treatment plans to avoid injuries or delay the progression of the disease.
Orthopaedic surgeons treat various musculoskeletal situations without surgery, through medications, exercises and other rehabilitation or alternative therapies. For the majority of orthopedic diseases and injuries, there are many forms of treatment. If required, the orthopaedic surgeon may suggest surgery if a person or a patient do not respond to non-surgical treatments.
Orthopaedic surgeons execute numerous types of surgeries. General procedures include:
Arthroscopy – A process that uses cameras and specialised tools to visualise, diagnose and treat problems within a joint.
Fusion – A “welding” procedure by which bones are merged with bone grafts and internal devices (such as metal bars) to cure in a single solid bone.
Internal Fixation – A way to keep broken pieces of bone in the correct position with metal plates pins or screws while the bone is healing.
Replacement of the joint (partial, total and revision) – When an arthritic or injured joint is removed and replaced by an artificial joint called prosthesis.
Osteotomy – The improvement of bone deformity when cutting and repositioning the bone.
Soft tissue repair – repair of soft tissues, such as torn tendons or ligaments.
Current surgery has developed to such a level that the knowledge of the body and technical skills necessary have led surgeons to specialise in specific areas, generally an anatomical region of the body or irregularly in a particular technique or type of patient. For any joint replacement, computer-aided navigation allows 3D mapping of a joint and allows greater precision for incisions; additional research is desirable to see if this produces significant enhancement for patients. Almost in every city, many surgeons are available, but Orthopedic Surgeons in Kolkata is best in all types of surgeries.