There is a plethora of electric energy sources out there in the market, such as fossil fuels. Nowadays, several renewable energy sources have become widely popular for generating electrical power. Being one of the primary sources of electric energy, it has a harmful impact on the environment. Solar energy is one of the most easily available renewable energy sources, hence making it a popular pick. One can observe people’s preferences changing to renewable energy sources because of their benefits to the environment. Let’s discuss everything there is to know about solar energy, its efficiency, and different types of solar panels. Towards the end, let us see why comparing solar panels’ efficiency is necessary.
What do We understand by Solar Energy and How efficient Can it be?
The advancing technology has enabled humans to harness electricity from the sun, the ultimate energy source. You read it right. Sun emits heat and light, which we call solar energy. Solar panels allow us to collect and convert this solar energy into electricity for further use.
Now, the question remains, is solar energy efficient enough? The answer is yes. Solar energy is a naturally renewable energy source present in the environment, available in abundance. According to several reports, they are 15 to 20% efficient and can even go up to 40% of efficiency.
Using different types of solar panels, anyone can easily harness solar energy as per their requirements. Now, let us look at the types of solar panels available in the market based on their efficiency.
What are the Types of Solar Panels?
Solar panels are a collection of solar cells fitted into a circuit framework that absorbs the sun’s energy. Let’s look at a few major types of solar panels.
1. Mono PERC Half-cut Solar Panels
Known for their durability and longevity, Mono PERC half-cut solar panels are a type of photovoltaic solar panel. It utilises monocrystalline silicon cells with a passivated emitter and a rear contact design. The cells are half-cut, hence allowing for more efficient energy conversion and lower electrical resistance. The design also reduces shading losses, making the panels more efficient in partial shading conditions.
Mono PERC half-cut solar panels can convert a larger percentage of sunlight into electricity compared to traditional solar panels. The use of monocrystalline silicon cells enables these panels to achieve efficiencies of up to 22-23%. It offers high energy output and long-lasting performance. Such types of solar panels are highly efficient and durable option for residential and commercial use.
2. Polycrystalline Solar Panels
Polycrystalline solar panels are a type of photovoltaic panel made from multiple silicon crystals. The silicon is melted and then poured into molds to form square-shaped wafers. Further, they are cut into smaller pieces to create individual solar cells. The cells are then assembled into a panel and covered with a layer of protective glass.
These types of solar panels are commonly known for their affordability and ease of manufacturing. The production process for these panels is simpler and less expensive, thus making them a popular choice for residential and commercial installations. They are a good option for many applications, especially those that prioritize affordability along with efficiency.
Is Comparing Types of Solar Panels Based on Efficiency Necessary?
Comparing types of solar panels based on efficiency is an important factor to consider when planning to buy one. Cost, durability, and warranty are also a few factors to take into consideration. Efficiency is a measure of how much energy a solar panel can convert from sunlight into electricity. Higher-efficiency panels generally produce more power in a given amount of space. However, higher-efficiency panels are often more expensive than lower-efficiency panels, which may make them less cost-effective for certain applications.
In addition, considering the conditions in which the panel will be installed is also necessary. It may be more important to choose a panel that is durable, especially if you live in an area with harsh weather conditions. In summary, while comparing solar panels based on efficiency can be useful, it is not the only factor to consider. When choosing one from different types of solar panels, know their cost, durability, and warranty to make an informed decision.
Solar panels are an easy-to-use tool for using solar energy. Using the information mentioned above, one can easily compare several solar panels based on their efficiency. Whether it is for your home or office, connect with a reputable brand like Luminous to buy high-grade quality solar panels.