The drainage system is central to a building. It is the drainage system that ensures after water gets used it is also removed effectively and efficiently. In its absence or in the case of a poor drainage system, you will encounter issues of sewer odour, toilet blockage and water logging. Water logging is a major cause of mosquito. Poor drainage system can ill your family mates. To avoid such problems in your property, it is essential that you get an efficient drainage built and install it properly.
Here is how you can build an efficient drainage system.
Plan the Right Drainage System Design
This should be the first step in the process of planning a drainage. The end aim of this plan should be to establish a direct line between the sewerage point and the drain head. So, if you need to work out the right drainage design for your bathroom, it is important that there is a fixed drainage trap point, which will work as the central waste outlet. There will be different waste outlets in one bathroom itself. Like that of basin, bathtub and shower. However, all these outlets should be connected to the main drainage point. This works perfectly if there is one bathroom in the house. But if there is more than one, then ensure there is a separate trap for the other one. This will also provide flexibility in the drainage system.
The Size of the Drain & Optimum Velocity
When designing the drainage system ensure that it can self-clean itself. For this, water should pass through the complete system with optimum velocity. It is the right combination of gradient and pipe diameter that will determine the speed. If the drain diameter is small there will be greater depth in the pipe and water will flow with more velocity. This will help in self-cleaning of the drain and removing the solids that get stuck in the pipeline. Besides the diameter, it is important to maintain the liquid and air ratio. If you maintain a 65:35 ratio, i.e. 65% pipe capacity and 35% air, then it will help in adequate ventilation and facilitate the self-cleaning process.
The Layout of the Drainage
Once you have the design and size in place, you should work out the layout of the drain. This rough sketching will help in providing an estimate of time, money and material involved. While doing the sketching of the layout, you should ensure that it is in keeping with the plans of the local authority.
The Right Materials & Pipes
The material that you are using in the drainage system should be of premium quality. The pipes that you are using will play a crucial task. So, ensure the right quality and size. If you install pipes that are too big, then they will occupy more space in your house, and if they are too small, then the water will not drain properly. Even when it comes to the material, you should rely on PVC pipes and SWR pipes and fittings.