Today the banking industry is considered as the backbone of the economy and has the major contribution to its growth it’s also the main driver for currency and financial stability.
How did the Story of Banking Start?
The bank is derived from the old Italian word Banco meaning a bench it referred to the public benches where money changers used to sit for exchanging coins for bills in the Marketplace, but it’s the goldsmiths of 17th century London who developed banking in its model form, the Goldsmith who used to store wealthy clients gold in their private vaults soon begin to lend this gold to others in exchange of promissory note and the payment of an interest charge, that was the big came of Banking as we know it today.
What is the General Role of a Bank?
Depositors or people with money surplus place their money at the bank in order to earn a return through the credit interest, borrowers or people with shortage of money on the other hand are willing to pay interest on the money of the bank is lending them, apply for bank mitra in order to accomplish an objective, they are seeking.
How do Banks make a Profit?
A Bank’s primary source of revenue comes from the difference between the interest it’s paying to depositors and the one it’s earning from the borrowers, a bank also makes a profit from charging fees or Commissions for services, Guaranteed by the bank to its customers and from investments.
Why are Banks Regulated?
Banks collect funds from depositors in the form of small-sized deposits and repackage them into larger sized loans, borrowers, on the other hand, might not be able to repay the money they have borrowed from the bank, in addition to that bank sometimes invest deposits in a risky asset if all of these reasons explain the major role of Central banks in protecting with depositors’ money by monitoring the adequate level of riskiness the bank is taken.
What is the Role of Central Banks?
Central banks Overseas monetary policy to implement specific goals, such as currency to stability low inflation and full employment, they determine the interest rate that influence the banks pricing schemes and economies money supply, they issue currency and grant authorization to establish banks, apply for csp Central banks also impose a threshold for capital requirements and place reserve requirements to ensure liquidating in a crisis mode, they shape landing policies through margin requirements and other tools and they act as a Lender of Last Resort to finance banks that needs liquidity, today several types of banks exist to answer the different needs of consumers and to give them a choice in the way they manage their money, retail bank for example provides services to individuals, commercial and corporate banks serves small to medium-sized businesses and large Enterprises, investment banks specialize in large and complex financial transactions, private banks offer a personalized financial and banking services to high net worth individuals.
What is the Future of Banking?
Direct channels such as mobile and the internet are becoming increasingly important in retail banking as they are in our everyday life, customers today expect financial firms to listen respond and offer services through social media, customers across all the segment expect highly personalized convenient, and reliable service along with 24X7 accessibility, banking is no longer from somewhere you go but something you do.
So, as I have covered the topics like how the story of banking starts, What Is the General Role of a Bank, why are banks regulated, what is the role of central banks, and What is the future of banking so I hope you have found this informative, thank you.