Your physical wellness can be effectively monitored via regular blood tests. Healthcare professionals recommend blood testing from time to time as one of the best methods of keeping an eye on your entire physical health. Any time-bound changes in your body can be tracked to take the right actions for a healthy life.
What do you know from a blood test?
A blood test shows:
Full blood count (FBC)
This is a commonly ordered blood test that gives a detailed assessment of the white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It checks for anything unusual in these cells that may be a sign of a particular health condition.
Things to know
1. Haemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen to all body tissues, is contained in the red blood cells.
2. The immune system is protected by the white blood cells as they fight against bacteria, viruses and fungi.
3. Holes are plugged in broken blood vessels by the platelets – this aids in blood clotting.
A bone profile blood test tells you the important role these different blood cells play in your general health.
Among the many kidney functions, the most important is waste material filtration from the blood and removal of waste from the body in the form of urine. The kidney controls different minerals and water levels in the body. A functional kidney is evaluated with a blood test. The test also measures the level of certain dissolved salts, creatinine and urea.
The liver produces enzymes, proteins and other substances. Any drop in the levels of these substances indicated by a blood test will tell if the liver is under attack or still healthy.
Your bilirubin levels can also be checked with a blood test. Bilirubin is a substance produced from the breakdown of old red blood cells – the liver processes it. When the bilirubin level is high, it may be that the red blood cells are breaking down abnormally, or the liver is malfunctioning in the waste removal process, or there are health issues such as liver disease and anaemia.
Hepatitis B and C-related problems, medication side effects, and other reasons for liver malfunction can be identified with the test.
The workings of the thyroid gland situated at the lower front of the neck can be identified via a blood test. This gland regulates mood, energy production and metabolic activities.
There’s a problem if the thyroid gland cannot produce a sufficient amount of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) – two basic thyroid hormones. The condition is known as hypothyroidism and is symptomised by depression, energy loss and weight gain.
Hyperthyroidism happens where the thyroid gland produces excess hormones. Symptoms include weight loss, tremors, excessive anxiety, etc.
Inflammatory markers (CRP)
Additional protein types are released and spread when any part of your body is inflamed. These proteins are identified in a blood test, and inflammation conditions like arthritis, tissue damage and abscesses are spotted.
High levels of blood protein are commonly detected using blood tests like plasma viscosity (PV), C-reactive protein (CRP) and Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Further diagnosis may be made to pinpoint the cause of the issue.
Bone markers (phosphate, uric acid and calcium)
The enzymes, minerals and proteins found in the bone to develop and strengthen them are evaluated with a bone profile blood test in London. It also checks the effect of your body’s metabolism on your skeleton; age-related osteoporosis weakens bones.
This type of body fat is generated from excess calories and stored in fat cells for future use. High levels of blood triglycerides are a risk for heart disease.
The level of blood cholesterol is measured with a lipid profile or lipid panel blood test. This test identifies a risk of atherosclerosis (blocked arteries due to plaque formation). High cholesterol levels increase the risk of coronary artery disease.
This is a test for the concentration of vitamin D in your blood.
Iron/Ferritin/Total iron-binding capacity
The deficiency of iron is a common global nutrient disorder. The number of red blood cells and their range will be identified via an iron blood test.
Cardiac/Muscle enzymes LDH/CK
Blood test spots enzymes present in the blood from damaged cells.
Increased CK-MB is identified with heart muscle damage.
Cell injury is released with an enzyme in the blood called LDH – increased levels indicate kidney and liver disease and other conditions.
Your blood glucose level, whether high or low, is measured with a blood glucose test. Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetic patients usually get this test. Blood glucose rises due to diabetes.
Insulin regulates blood sugar, but diabetes reduces insulin production or function.
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