Tricks behind CSS div position property

The time we are designing a HTML page for more complex layout we do refer position using CSS. Basically this is used to position the HTML elements. There are 6 possible values for position property in CSS. By default position is static. According to our requirements we can apply absolute, relative, fixed, initial & inherit values to the position property in CSS.

Position: static;

This is the default value for position property. By declaring position static it will render the HTML elements in order to the document flow.

Position: absolute;

Position absolute is the most trickiest positioning value. Let us take example to understand position absolute. In below example I am using position absolute for a div inside the div which is position relative.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Using Position Absolute</title>
<style type="text/css">
.posRelative { position: relative; top: 100px; left: 100px; }
.posAbsolute { position: absolute; top: 100px; left: 100px; }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="posRelative">
<div class="posAbsolute">
This is the div where we applied position absolute.
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

This will give us first div in 100px left & 100px from top position. The second div is applied with position absolute. In real-time the second div will appear 100px left & top from the parent div.

If i am declaring the parent div position static then child div with position absolute will show in 100px top & left from the top left corner of the browser window. Try with the example below.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Using Position Absolute</title>
<style type="text/css">
.posStatic { position: static; top: 100px; left: 100px; }
.posAbsolute { position: absolute; top: 100px; left: 100px; }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="posStatic">
<div class="posAbsolute">
This is the div where we applied position absolute.
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Position: fixed;

Using position fixed we can set position of our HTML element from the top left corner of browser window.

Position: relative;

Using position relative the position is relative to its normal position. If I am declaring top:100px it will take the element to 100px down.

Position: initial;

Position initial reset the position of an element to default value.

Position: inherit;

Using position inherit we can inherits this property from parent element.

You can access CSS position property using JavaScript. The syntax we need to use is object.style.position=”fixed”.